H.E. Dr. Desra Percaya
of the Republic of Indonesia
to the United Nations
at the Open Debate of
the Security Council
on Agenda Item:
“Women, Peace, and Security”
New York, 30 November 2012
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At the outset, please allow me to join the previous speakers in expressing the appreciation of the Government of Indonesia for the convening of this Open Debate on Women, Peace and Security.
I would also like to thank the Executive Director of UN Women and the Under Secretary-General for Peace-Keeping Operations for their important briefings.
Let me begin by quoting the message by Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon: “Sustainable peace is possible only with women’s full participation – their perspectives, their leadership, their daily, equal presence wherever we seek to make and keep the peace”.
In keeping with that message, Indonesia does not view women as merely passive victims of conflict situations. They are also agents and important contributors to the many dimensions of peace-building processes.
Therefore, Indonesia is committed to implementing resolution 1325 on Women, Peace and Security and will work to ensure women’s full participation at all levels in conflict prevention, conflict resolution and peace-building.
While we have covered significant ground in order to fully implement resolution 1325, progress is yet to be made to achieve some key aspects of that resolution. We recognize that decisive action must be taken in the following areas:
First, the number of women involved as UN peacekeepers needs to be increased in the future.
Second, the security, legal and justice infrastructure required to ensure the safety and security of women in many conflict and post-conflict settings needs to be strengthened.
And third, the level of participation of women in peace negotiations, preventive efforts and key decision-making processes related to peace and security needs to be enhanced.
In light of these objectives, Indonesia has taken steps at various levels towards their achievement. For example, women personnel have been actively involved as military and police observers of Indonesia’s contingents in UNIFIL (United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon), UNAMID (African Union-United Nations Mission in Darfur), and MONUC (United Nations Organization Mission in Democratic Republic of Congo)
On the other hand, the measures already adopted by Indonesia have advanced the implementation of resolution 1325. Among other things, the Government of Indonesia is currently in the process of drafting a Presidential Decree as a legal basis to formulate a national action plan on the implementation of the resolution.
When completed, the action plan will facilitate the integration of gender issues into policies, programmes and activities, data collecting mechanisms, and reporting systems at each ministry and related institutions that have a bearing on peace and security matters.
The plan, which will operate at central and regional levels, will cover all phases of the peace process from prevention to conflict termination as well as recovery from social conflict.
Under the leadership of the Ministry of Women’s Empowerment and Child Protection, the action plan will focus on creating greater awareness about the role of women in conflict and peace building processes; on strengthening the capacity of various stakeholders within government and civil society organizations; and on building a strong constituency and ownership of the plan to ensure accountability in its implementation.
In this regard, the role of UN Women is very much appreciated in providing technical assistance and advocacy in our process to develop the action plan.
Indonesia is also conducting “schools of peace for women” programmes in post-conflict areas where non-violence principles have been introduced and capacity building activities are being implemented.
At the end, these programmes will empower and enable women to transform themselves into equal partners in achieving peace, rather than merely suffering as victims of conflict.
Two years ago, a number of women’s civil society organizations, supported by the Indonesian Government, organized The Asian Women Peacemakers Conference on Interfaith Perspectives in Realizing the Role of Women Peacemakers in the Implementation of UNSCR 1325.
As a result of this two-day conference, in addition to identifying a number of important issues related to protection, promotion and participation of women in peace and security, the following recommendations were made:
First, states should prepare a National Action Plan to ensure the application of UN Resolution 1325 as part of their national agenda, strategy and commitment. This was to be accomplished through detailed national policies;
Second, states had to undertake bureaucratic reform, in particular security sector reform, to support the prevention and resolution of conflicts from an inter-faith and women’s perspectives; and,
Third, states were to ensure the protection of the rights of women as victims of conflict, promote their empowerment and participation at all levels of the decision-making process, especially in efforts to build peace.
In conclusion, Indonesia wishes to further underscore the fact that women are not confined to serving only as key building blocks and instruments for peace and security, but they also possess the confidence and the potential to be agents of change, skillfully reshaping and rebuilding communities affected by conflict.